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При вязании изделий для закругления выреза горловины, окатов рукава или вязания пройм выполняют прибавление и убавление петель и столбиков. В этой статье рассмотрим, как убавлять и прибавлять столбики при вязании крючком.

как убавить столбики

Убавление – это уменьшение числа столбиков. Чтобы убавить петли в середине ряда, достаточно провязать по 2 столбика вместе через одинаковое количество столбиков и через один или несколько рядов узора. Крючок вводят в петлю нижнего ряда, подхватывают нить, протягивают через петлю и оставляют на крючке непровязанной. Крючок вводят в следующую петлю ряда, подхватывают нить, протягивают через петлю. На крючке 3 петли. Их провязывают вместе (рис. 1)




как убавить петли крючкомкак убавить петли крючком


Можно убавлять петли другим способом. Для этого столбики провязывают не в каждую петлю, а через одну петлю. Одну петлю нижнего ряда пропускают (рис. 2). Если петли убавляются в начале ряда, то они провязываются столбиками без накида. Затем вяжутся столбики узора. В конце ряда не довязывают столько столбиков узора, сколько убавили в начале ряда (рис. 3). Неровный край, где не довязывали столбики, в конце работы обвязывают столбиками без накида.




как прибавлять столбики крючком
как прибавить столбики крючком в начале ряда

Прибавление – увеличение количества петель или столбиков узора. Для рапсширения изделия можно в одну петлю нижнего ряда провязать 2-5 столбиков (рис. 4). Столбики прибавляют через один ряд узора. Чтобы по выкройке изделия прибавить необходимое количество петель в конце ряда, вяжут воздушные петли цепочки. В обратном направлении вяжут выбранным узором (рис. 5). 
В ажурных круговых узорах петли равномерно убавляют и прибавляют по рисунку узора, чтобы не нарушить узор.

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